The population of Greenland is predominantly Inuit, a people bearing an affinity and solidarity with the Inuits of Canada, Alaska and Siberia. It
is only 140 years since the last immigration from Canada took place.
The Greenlandic people are few in number: 55,000 in an enormous country.
Approx. 20 percent of the population was born outside Greenland.
Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but since the introduction of
Home Rule in 1979 Greenland has moved towards relative independence based
on parliamentary democracy.
Today fishing is the all-dominating trade and accounts for 95 percent of
total exports, but in the hunter districts of the outer areas, the seal and
whale catch is of great importance. It actually forms the stable existence
for one fifth of the Greenlandic population. For millennia the philosophy
has been to live at one with nature. The hunters live with nature and
follow the natural seasons.
In South Greenland ruins from the norse (viking) settlers 1,000 years ago
are well preserved, including the ruins of the first Christian churches on
the North America continent.
The symbols of the ancient culture are still alive even in the larger
towns. Many people build and use their own kayak as you’ll see in every
harbour. The old drum dance is performed by a growing number of artists.
The musical and theatrical life is largely based on myths and sagas
conveyed in a modern form.